What to Know about Completing FAFSA for College Financial Aid

Nov 29, 2021 11:20:21 AM

For high school seniors and families of students evaluating their options when it comes to higher education, the Fall season is typically a time to prepare for the journey ahead. Part of the process is looking at the expenses involved in a four-year degree, a two-year community college program or other options to fund the cost of education.

To explore grants, work-study and funding, the place to start is by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form. Read on for advice and information from our partners at GreenPath Financial Wellness. And, if you're interested in joining free informational sessions about the FAFSA, check out this schedule from FAFSA Day, a nonprofit specializing in assisting students and families with the FAFSA. The next session is December 15th.

What is the FAFSA Application?

  • FAFSA is an application to determine a student’s eligibility for receiving federal loans or state funding. The FAFSA is not a loan or source of funding.
  • The application is free to complete using this online form.
  • Colleges and universities use FAFSA information to determine federal aid eligibility. Many states also use FAFSA data to award their own aid.
  • The FAFSA requires financial information about the incoming student and their family’s finances. Most notably, a family’s tax returns are needed among other financial data.

Who needs to complete the FAFSA application?

  • Any student planning on going to college in the next academic year and looking to qualify for financial aid should fill out the FAFSA.
  • The FAFSA form is not just for incoming high school students. Students must submit a new FAFSA before each academic year to apply for aid.
  • Along with income-based aid and other federal funding, students interested in work-study programs, or merit-based scholarships are required to complete the FAFSA.
  • All incomes are eligible to complete the FAFSA form, not just low-income families.

    When is the FAFSA application typically due?

    • The earliest to file is typically October 1 for the following academic year.
    • Filing the application as soon as possible is wise since financial aid is often given out on a first-come, first-served basis.
    • College deadlines vary by school. Check with the institution’s financial aid office for deadlines.
    • For state financial aid, each state’s deadline to submit FAFSA also varies. Check your state’s FAFSA deadline.
    • The last day to apply for federal aid for the following academic year is June 30.

    What information is needed for FAFSA?

    According to federal resources, the following information is needed to complete FAFSA to determine federal and state student financial aid eligibility for dependent children.

    Note that dependent students should submit the required information for themselves and their parents.

    Married students planning for the next academic year should submit information for themselves and their spouses.

    • Social security number for dependent student and dependent student’s parents.
    • Driver’s license
    • Student and student’s family W-2 and 1099 forms
    • Most recent federal tax return
    • Records of family’s untaxed income, Social Security, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Veteran’s benefits, welfare
    • Recent bank statements
    • Business income records
    • Mortgage balances and payment information
    • Investment information (stocks, bonds, etc)
    • For Non-US citizens, a permanent resident card or alien registration number

    Next Steps

    Filling out and submitting the FAFSA form is an important step to paying for college. Visit the resources below to apply, review and correct the form if needed, as well as the next steps after submitting the application.

    Student Loan Financial Counseling

    Understanding how to finance a college education can be complex. Looking at your full financial picture is a good place to start. GreenPath’s caring financial counselors are ready to provide free financial counseling related to student loans and other options.

Tags: Student Finances